Throughout history, interior design has varied from simple interior decoration to elaborate adornment for luxury homes. The 17th and 18th centuries saw homemakers tending to their own interior decoration projects, while the early nineteenth century saw architects enlist the services of craftsmen to design and create their interior designs. In 1876, the James Shoolbred Company published a catalog on interior design and illustrator Owen Jones illustrated his book, The Grammar of Ornament.
The profession of interior design has many different subspecialties. While there are strict rules and guidelines, this creative field is still subjective. Without a common frame of reference, individual perceptions of design style may vary. Another challenge to an interior designer is dealing with clients who can’t adequately articulate their vision for their decorating project. The following are some common terms and definitions related to interior design. You may also be looking for a particular kind of decorator or designer.
Modernism: This style of interior design draws upon both contemporary and traditional elements. Typical elements of this style include minimalistic designs, sleek lines, and bright colors. Retro-style homes typically feature furniture made of contrasting materials, including plastic or metal. They also tend to have smaller kitchens and bathrooms. Retro-style homes often include a variety of flower-like patterns. They can also use built-in light fixtures to keep the room looking sleek and modern.
Traditional: The English-style is classic and formal. It often includes large, floral-patterned floor-length drapes around the windows. Furniture has ornate details and glossy wood finishes. Four-poster beds are common. Needlepoint pillows add a warm ambiance to the room. The color palette is muted and uncluttered. Decorative patterns and geometric patterns are common. Traditional doorways are typically arched. And it’s all about the details.
Modernist: The modern movement of the 1920s and 1930s is also considered a minimalist style. These homes are free of clutter and focus on simplicity and effortless beauty. The furniture is clean and simple and often doubles as storage. Moreover, the decor is neutral and void of accents. As a result, the interior design of a modern home will be clean and spacious. This style is also popular among people who want to make their homes look more modern.